This chapter begins with a list of the priests that traveled with Zerubbabel and Jeshua to Jerusalem. This is an expanded list from that given in Ezra 2:36-39. Ezra's list gives the names of 4 priests and numbers that came with each priest. Nehemiah lists 22 names within the priests' families. The sons of the 4 priests would also be priests and Levites. The names of Levites follow the names of the priests. Some of the Levitical assignments are listed as well as family information and the names of the chief priests, Levites, and chiefs of the tribe.
The Levites were called up to Jerusalem at the time of the wall dedication ceremonies. Some blew trumpets, some played musical instruments, some offered prayers of thanksgiving, some sang psalms, and some offered sacrifices. All rejoiced!
At this time some were appointed to care for specific needs in the temple. This included keeping the treasures, offerings, firstfruits, tithes, and making sure the priests and Levites, including the musicians, received the portions set aside for them. The framework originally fine-tuned by David and Solomon during their reigns was again implemented.
Does God issue any commands?
- God did not speak.
Does God make any promises?
- God did not speak.
Does this chapter teach anything about Jesus?
- The high priests were types of Christ.
- The first fruit offerings were types of Christ.
- The walls of Jerusalem themselves were a type of Christ.
Does this chapter teach anything about yet-future events?
- There was great rejoicing at the dedication ceremonies when the people dedicated the wall of Jerusalem. The women and children shouted so loudly that the joy of Jerusalem was heard afar off. This is only a foretaste of the coming celebratory shouting when the New Jerusalem is dedicated!
- The singers sang the psalms of David and Asaph at the dedication. Since these are scripture, and we are told that scripture abides forever, we will most likely sing the same songs of praise and rejoicing at the New Jerusalem's unveiling.