Chapter 46 is a prophecy against Egypt. Like chapter 45, it begins with with a flashback to the time of battle between Pharaoh-necho and Nebuchadnezzar during the fourth year of the reign of Jehoiakim, the son of Josiah. It then returns to the time of Jeremiah's forced sojourn in Egypt. God used the past defeat of Egypt by Babylon to tell what would happen when these two nations faced off again.
Then God turned His attention to Philistia. He also had a prophecy against them.
Does God issue any commands?
- God said that He told the Egyptian army to array themselves for battle because it was the day of vengeance.
- God told Jeremiah to publish His words in Egypt.
Does God make any promises?
- God promised the destruction of Egypt by Nebuchadnezzar and the demise of the Israelites that went to Egypt after the fall of Judah.
- God promised that the Egyptians would be taken captive by the people of the north as a punishment upon their gods.
- God promised that Egypt would again be inhabited as it had been in the past.
- God promised that Israel would return to the land and be at rest.
- God promised that Philistia would be conquered by the people of the north.
Does this passage teach anything about Jesus?
- Nations rise and fall at God's commands. Rulers rule or are overthrown at His word. Jesus rules and reigns at God's right hand and at His command.
- Jesus is the King whose name is the LORD of hosts. (46:18)
Does this passage teach anything about yet-future events?
- The New Testament teaches that there is yet another day of vengeance, the Day of the Lord, coming.
- The days when Israel inhabits the land without fear is yet to come.