God used the Babylonians and the Chaldeans to punish the Children of Israel but God told Jeremiah that these peoples would also be punished. God said that those who persecuted the Jews and then protested that they had done nothing offensive would themselves be punished.
Does God issue any commands?
- God told Jeremiah to publish His words against Babylon.
- God said that one day the people must leave Babylon and the land of the Chaldeans and return to their own land.
Does God make any promises?
- God promised that a people from the north would conquer Babylon and Chaldea because they rejoiced over the tribulations suffered by the Hebrews.
- God promised that the people of Israel and Judah would seek the LORD and would gather together in Zion, weeping as they went.
- God promised to punish Babylon just as He had punished Assyria.
- God promised that the people would return to Carmel, Bashan, Ephraim, and Gilead.
- God promised to put away the sins of the people and remember them no more.
Does this passage teach anything about Jesus?
- The people were scattered as sheep without a shepherd. (See verses 6 and 17.) This is because the LORD of hosts was to be their shepherd. This is Jesus! And they had turned away from Him! But God promised to lead them back just as a shepherd would lead his sheep to pleasant places to feed. (See verses 19 and 20.)
Does this passage teach anything about yet-future events?
- We know that many of the remnant of Israel and Judah returned after the diaspora to their homeland after the 70 years of captivity had been accomplished but this passage also has future implications. God's people will seek Him like never before in the latter days and will worship in Zion. They will "join [themselves] to the LORD in a perpetual covenant that shall not be forgotten." verse 5