As the narrative continues about the life of David some of the genealogical information from chapter 3 is repeated. Two of the events of this chapter are the sending of timber by King Hiram of Tyre and the Philistine assaults when they heard that their adversary, David, was now king of Israel.
Does God issue any commands?
- In answer to David's first question God told David to go up against the Philistines.
- In answer to David's question God told David not to go up against the Philistines when they threatened the second time to invade Israel. Instead, he and his army were to wait until the wind blew in the tops of the mulberry trees before they went up against the Philistines.
Does God make any promises?
- God promised David that He would deliver the Philistines into his hands.
- God promised David the second time that He would go before David and his army against the Philistines when David heard the sound of going in the tops of the mulberry trees.
Does this chapter teach anything about Jesus?
- God delivered David's enemies to him so that David and Israel defeated them. God the Father, through the psalmist David, promises to deliver Jesus' enemies and make them His footstool. (See Psalm 110:1) Jesus Himself quoted this verse when speaking to the Pharisees (see Matthew 22:44 and Luke 20:43). He stated that the Christ was to be the Son (or of the lineage of) David and yet David through the inspiration of the Holy Spirit called his own Son "Lord." Jesus asked the Pharisees how this could be. Jesus was claiming that this psalm was a prophecy about Himself and that God the Father would do for Him exactly what He had done for David!
- Peter affirmed in Acts 2:35 that Jesus was the Lord to whom the LORD made the promise of Psalm 110:1. The promised defeat in Psalm 110:1 parallels the defeat of the Philistines by David when God told David that He would deliver David from his enemies.
Does this chapter teach anything about yet-future events?
- Just as God made promises to David concerning his kingdom and the defeat of his enemies God made promises to Jesus concerning His Kingdom and the defeat of His enemies. God fulfilled His promises to David and God completely fulfilled His promises to Jesus also. This was accomplished by the resurrection of Jesus Christ. Ultimately, all of Jesus' enemies will one day be conquered and Jesus will enter into rest, which is what I think of when I think of putting one's feet up on a footstool.
- I Corinthians 15 tells of the resurrection of Jesus Christ and how it is the partial fulfillment of Psalm 110:1 because death is the last enemy that must be destroyed. And because Jesus was victorious over death we are promised that we will also be resurrected. This will be the complete and final fulfillment of the prophecy of Psalm 110:1!