This prophecy came at the beginning of the reign of Jehoiakim, king of Judah and son of Josiah. Here is a helpful chart of the kings if you need a reminder of who's who on the thrones of Israel and Judah. In this case, Judah.
In this chapter Jeremiah is accused of treason. Some of the rulers come to Jeremiah's defense by quoting the prophet Micah who was not accused of treason when he prophesied in the days of King Hezekiah. Others told of a prophet named Urijah that was killed by King Jehoiakim when he prophesied like Jeremiah was doing. Jeremiah was spared (as God had promised him he would be in earlier chapters of this book).
Does God issue any commands?
- God told Jeremiah to stand in the court of the LORD'S house and speak unto all who come to worship there. The message was one of repentance.
Does God make any promises?
- If the people would not repent they would be destroyed like Shiloh and Jerusalem would be a curse to all nations.
Does this chapter teach anything about Jesus?
- Jeremiah was accused of treason because of his message. Jesus was accused of treason also because of his message.
- Jeremiah submitted to the rulers of his day telling them that if they put him to death they would be guilty of killing innocent blood. Jesus told the rulers of his day the same message.
Does this chapter teach anything about yet-future events?
- The messenger is hated because of the message he is told to deliver. The New Testament says that Jesus will return in a time very much like the time of Noah when people would be going about their daily lives. Most people hate the message being delivered and the messengers that deliver it. That's how it was in the days of Noah and that is how it was in the day of Jeremiah.