This chapter tells of the restoration of Israel.
Does God issue any commands?
- God told them to weep no more.
- God told them to note that a woman would compass a man.
Does God make any promises?
- God promised to restore Israel, the one that He loves with an everlasting love.
- God promised that tears would be dried because their children would come again into the land that God gave them.
Does this chapter teach anything about Jesus?
- Jesus is the shepherd of the flock.
- Jesus is the redeemer of Jacob.
- The prophecy of the weeping Rachel who mourned for her children who were not was fulfilled in the early life of Jesus when Herod had the young children put to death in Bethlehem.
- A woman would compass a man! Mary, a virgin, would give birth to Jesus. He would have no earthly father.
Does this chapter teach anything about yet-future events?
- God promised to be the God of all the families of Israel. The Apostle Paul told the Gentiles that all who trusted Christ were spiritual Israel so this passage of restoration has future implications as well.
- The passage talks of no more sorrow in Israel. This is yet to come!
- Each person will be judged according to his or her own work. Family relationships will factor into the equation.
- God promised a new covenant with Israel, an everlasting covenant, when each person will know the LORD! (See 31:31-34.) God swore this oath upon His mighty creation! (This passage is quoted in Hebrews 8:9-12.)
- God promised that the city of Jerusalem would never be destroyed again. (This would be the New Jerusalem.)